The 28th Conference of the Parties, or COP28, recently concluded, marking a crucial milestone in the global effort to combat climate change. Held in Dubai from the 28th of November to the 12th of December, the conference brought together leaders, policymakers, scientists, and activists from around the world to discuss and negotiate strategies for addressing the urgent climate crisis. Let’s delve into the key outcomes and highlights of this landmark event…

Urgent calls for ambitious climate action

From the opening sessions, one theme resonated loudly – the need for urgent and ambitious climate action. As the scientific community’s warnings grow more dire, world leaders echoed the sentiment that time is running out to avert the worst impacts of climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports served as a stark backdrop, emphasising the need to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

Recognition of the health impacts of climate change

It was a breakthrough moment as world leaders discussed the impacts of climate change on global health at COP28. A declaration on acceleration actions to protect people from growing climate impacts was welcomed as governments agreed to protect communities and prepare healthcare systems to cope with climate-related health impacts such as extreme heat, air pollution and infectious diseases.

Commitments and pledges

COP28 witnessed a wave of commitments and pledges from countries, each outlining their plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to a more sustainable future. Notable announcements included enhanced nationally determined contributions (NDCs) from major emitters, with promises of increased renewable energy adoption, carbon neutrality targets, and sustainable development initiatives. The Paris Agreement’s promise of collective action seemed more tangible as nations made strides towards aligning their domestic policies with global climate goals.

Finance and support for developing nations

Addressing the needs of developing nations has been a persistent challenge in climate negotiations. COP28 saw a renewed emphasis on financial commitments to assist developing countries in both mitigating and adapting to the impacts of climate change. Discussions centred on mobilising climate finance, technology transfer, and capacity-building initiatives to ensure that vulnerable nations receive the support required to navigate the challenges ahead.

Nature-based solutions and biodiversity conservation

Recognising the intrinsic link between climate change and biodiversity loss, COP28 emphasised the importance of nature-based solutions. Discussions focused on preserving and restoring ecosystems, promoting sustainable land use practices, and protecting biodiversity. The role of forests, oceans, and other natural carbon sinks in mitigating climate change was a key focal point, highlighting the need for holistic approaches to address both environmental crises.

Youth engagement

The involvement of youth was more prominent than ever at COP28. Activists, led by youth climate movements, played a vital role in holding leaders accountable and demanding more ambitious climate action. The sense of urgency and passion exhibited by these groups underscored the intergenerational and global nature of the climate crisis.


COP28 concluded with a mixture of hope and urgency. While progress was made in terms of commitments and a renewed focus, the challenge of turning promises into tangible actions remains. The outcomes of COP28 set the stage for continued collaboration and innovation in the fight against climate change, emphasising the shared responsibility of nations to safeguard the planet for future generations.

Louise Skipton-Carter, Sustainability Project Manager, commented:

Dulas is proud to have had a digital showcase on the UK pavilion at COP28, and as we collectively move forward towards COP29, the world will be watching to ensure that the promises made at this conference have actually translated into concrete measures which mitigate the impacts of climate change for people and planet.